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In brief:

  • While the instructional framework provides a concrete template to follow when planning instruction, it can be adapted.
  • Concepts and skills often need to be taught side by side, and when this is the case, the flow of instruction can vary depending on how you approach the topics.

The four phases of instruction give a concrete framework for planning the sequence and types of activities for learning.

Instructional flow: (1) introduction, (2) content, (3) practice, (4) application/integration.
Download Instructional Flow PDF

However, the cycle of content presentation and learning is often messy. Many concepts, theories and skills within a course are related and are not easily separated or learned in isolation. This means that often, some things are learned side by side. Therefore, the flow of instruction can vary depending on the content.

This video details the organizational principles of instructional flow and presents models of varied pedagogical approaches to planning your instructional flow.
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The next section will:

  • guide you through the planning of class time related to your unit.

Resources & Further Reading

Reducing Cognitive Load:keep it simple (Stanford University Teaching Commons)